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A Robust Digital Image Watermarking Scheme Using Hybrid DWT-DCT-SVD Technique


Satyanarayana Murty. P, P. Rajesh Kumar


Vol. 10  No. 10  pp. 189-196


Protection of digital multimedia content has become an increasingly important issue for content owners and service providers. As watermarking is identified as a major technology to achieve copyright protection, the relevant literature includes several distinct approaches for embedding data into a multimedia element (primarily images, audio, and video). In this paper, we present a hybrid watermarking scheme based on Discrete Wavelet Transform?Discrete Cosine Transform?Singular Value Decomposition (DWT-DCT-SVD). Robustness is achieved by taking DCT of the DWT coefficients of the HL band of DWT. After applying DCT we map the DCT coefficients in a zig?zag order into four quadrants and apply the SVD to each quadrant. These four quadrants represent frequency bands from the lowest to the highest. The singular values in each quadrant are then modified by the singular values of the DWT-DCT transformed visual watermark. We show that embedding data in lowest frequencies is resistant to most of the attacks and some attacks are resistant to other frequency bands.


multimedia, DWT, DCT, zig?zag, SVD