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Internet of Things Fundamentals, Architectures, Challenges and Solutions: A Survey


Maha Abdelhaq


Vol. 22  No. 1  pp. 189-198


As the number of people using the Internet increases, a new application known as the Internet of Things (IoT) has been emerged. Internet of Things makes it easier for machines and objects to exchange, compute, and coordinate information autonomously without human interference. It is a tool for attaching intelligence to a variety of contemporary objects in houses, hospitals, buildings, vehicles, and even cities. As a new emerging technology, the focus in current IoT surveys does not shed the light on deep understanding for IoT fundamentals, architectures, challenges, and solutions. For this reason, the objective of this paper is to introduce specifications for IoT definitions, characteristics, functional blocks, and different architectures as a cement for better understanding. Additionally, we present current documented IoT challenges, with the existing available solution for each challenge.


Internet of Things (IoT); IoT fundamentals; IoT architectures; IoT challenges and solutions.