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Fractional Frequency Reuse (FFR) Usability Improvement in LTE Networks


Sultan Alotaibi


Vol. 22  No. 4  pp. 292-298


Femtocell networks can be a potential method for increasing the capacity of LTE networks, especially in indoor areas. However, unplanned deployment of femtocells results in co-tier interference and cross-tier interference problems. The interference reduces the advantages of implementing femtocell networks to a certain extent. The notion of Fractional Frequency Reuse (FFR) is proposed in order to reduce the impact of interference on the system’s performance. In this paper, a dynamic approach for efficiently partitioning the spectrum is suggested. The goal is to enhance the capacity of femtocells, which will improve the performance of the system. The suggested strategy allocates less resources to the macrocell portion of the network, which has a greater number of femtocells deployed to maximize the utilization of available resources for femtocell users. The spectrum division would be dynamic. The proposed strategy is evaluated through a simulation using MATLAB tool. In conclusion, the results showed that the proposed scheme has the potential to boost the system’s capacity.


LTE, Femtocell, FFR, Interference