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An Updated Evidence-based Practice Review on Teaching Mathematics to Students with Intellectual Disabilities


Mohammed M. Alhwaiti


Vol. 22  No. 5  pp. 255-265


Educational programs for students with intellectual disabilities have undergone drastic changes in pursuit of the general curriculum. Accordingly, teachers in various fields, including mathematics, strive to find effective methods that enhance learning. The objective of this systematic review is to examine the field of teaching mathematics to students with intellectual disabilities to investigate relevant effective teaching strategies and required teaching skills. To achieve this goal, studies published during the period 2018-2021 were reviewed. Findings indicate the inclusion of nine studies that met the inclusion criteria out of 55 studies. The included studies found that the system of least prompts (SLP) in conjunction with feedback and error correction, and schema-based instruction are generally the most effective strategies in teaching mathematical skills to students with intellectual disabilities. Addition is the most targeted skill, followed by subtraction and algebra problem solving. The least targeted skills are multiplication, recognition of geometric shapes, calculating price after discount, rapid recognition of numbers, and rapid problem solving. The paper provides recommendations and suggests venues of future research.


strategies; skills; teaching; mathematics; intellectual disability